What do you call the lengthwise and crosswise direction of yarns in a fabric?
weaving, lengthwise yarns are called warp; crosswise yarns are called weft, or filling. Most woven fabrics are made with their outer edges finished in a manner that avoids raveling; these are called selvages. They run lengthwise, parallel to the warp yarns.
What is crosswise yarn called?
The crosswise yarns (sometimes called the woof, weft, or filling) are perpendicular, or at right angles to the selvage. They are woven under and over one or more yarns to create the fabric. These yarns are usually somewhat more loosely twisted and weaker than the lengthwise yarns.
What is the finished lengthwise edge of fabric called?
A selvage (US English) or selvedge (British English) is a “self-finished” edge of a piece of fabric which keeps it from unraveling and fraying.
What is the difference between lengthwise and crosswise grain?
Lengthwise grain refers to the threads in a fabric which run the length of the fabric, parallel to the selvage of the fabric. Crosswise grain is the threads that run perpendicular to the selvage of the fabric or the cut edge of the fabric as it comes off the bolt.
Do all fabrics have a bias?
When considering the layout of your garment it is important to remember that every fabric has two true biases, each perpendicular to the other. When the front and back of a dress are cut on parallel biases, the dress has a tendency to twist around the body.
What is the difference between weft and woof?
is that weft is (weaving) the horizontal threads that are interlaced through the warp in a woven fabric or weft can be (obsolete) something cast away; a waif while woof is the set of yarns placed crosswise in a loom, interlaced with the warp, carried by the shuttle or woof can be the sound a dog makes when barking.
What is ends and picks in fabric?
Ends per inch (EPI or e.p.i.) is the number of warp threads per inch of woven fabric. In general, the higher the ends per inch, the finer the fabric. … A single thread of the weft, crossing the warp, is called a pick.
What is the strongest in a piece of woven fabric?
The plain weave, or linen weave as it is also called, is the simplest of all types of weave. Here, the threads are woven together one after the other. This weave is one of the strongest weaves, as the threads are constantly crossing over each other.